Music Therapy is the prescribed use of music and music related techniques to assist and motivate a person towards specific, nonmusical goals. Music therapists use their training to effect changes in the cognitive, physical, communication, social, and emotional skills”. Music Therapy is basically sound energy therapy.
NMT or neurological music therapy is defined as “the therapeutic application of music to cognitive, sensory, and motor dysfunctions due to neurologic disease of the human nervous system.” In the field of neuroscience today, music is considered as a powerful tool to understand brain functions and music–brain–behaviour interactions. Findings from the field of neuroscience have provided an edifice leading to the development of a science-based approach to music therapy practice and research.
Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation (RAS)- Music therapists use techniques that stimulate brain functions – a common one being rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS). This relies on the connections between rhythm and movement, wherein, the patient is stimulated to relax or move through the use of music of a particular rhythm.